Stanley Patch (= Neptune submarine volcano)
Notes on Vent Field Description:
active volcano located at the spreading centre of the Bransfield Strait backarc; Somoza et al. (2004): "Temperatures as high as 107 C are recorded in beach interstitial waters close to the fumarole emissions (Villegas and Caselli, 1995; unpublished data of J.L.S.)"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1995 or earlier intertidal
Discovery References (text):
(does not confirm subtidal activity) Rey, J. et al., 1995. Tectonic, volcanic and hydrothermal event sequence on Deception Island (Antarctica). Geo-Mar. Lett. 15: 1-8, doi:10.1007/BF01204491.
Other References (text):
Klinkhammer et al. (1996) Hydrothermal and hydrographic surveys of the Bransfield Strait: Results from cruise NBP95-07. ANTARCTIC JOURNAL - REVIEW 1996: 92-94.
Bright et al. (2003) A temperature-tolerant interstitial worm with associated epibiotic bacteria from the shallow water fumaroles of Deception Island, Antarctica. Deep Sea Research Part II 50(10-11): 1859-1871.
Somoza et al. (2004) Evidence for hydrothermal venting and sediment volcanism discharged after recent short-lived volcanic eruptions at Deception Island, Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Marine Geology 203: 119-140.