Notes on Vent Field Description:
northern Chile Rise; Water column temperature and nephelometer anomalies from MAPR on dredge; note: Karsten et al. (1999) calculate plume incidence for the Chile Rise to be between 13% to 76% from 37 S to 43 S
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
(Plume only) Karsten et al., InterRidge News, 8(1), 15-21, 1999, The northern Chile Ridge revealed: Preliminary cruise report of PANORAMA Expedition Leg 04.