Notes on Vent Field Description:
Campi Flegrei volcano; wikipedia: "Lying mostly underwater, the area comprises 24 craters and volcanic edifices. Hydrothermal activity can be observed at Lucrino, Agnano and the town of Pozzuoli"; note: Hannington lists with Aeolian Islands, but it is not part of the Aeolian Arc; within the Phlegrean Volcanic District (D'Antonio et al. 2007)
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Vent DNA Polymerase gene from the archaea Thermococcus litoralis isolated from a submarine hydrothermal vent near Lucrino, Bay of Naples, Italy
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1982 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Discovery References (text):
Other References (text):
Gimenez, F. and Marin, A., 1991. The polychaete annelids from a shallow-water gasohydrothermal vent of the Gulf of Naples. Anales de Biologia, Madrid 17, pp. 143–151
Dando et al. (1999) Hydrothermalism in the Mediterranean Sea. Progr. Oceanogr. 44: 333-367.
D'Antonio, M. et al. (2007) Components and processes in the magma genesis of the Phlegrean Volcanic District, southern Italy. Geological Society of America Special Papers 418: 203-220.
Dando, P. R. (2010) Biological communities at marine shallow-water vent and seep sites. In: Kiel, S. (Ed.) The vent and seep biota – from microbes to ecosystems. Topics in Geobiology 33: 33-378. Springer.