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Atlantis II Deep

Name Alias(es): 
MGDS_FeatureID lowest in hierarchy: 
Vent Sites: 
Activity: 
Maximum Temperature: 
67
Latitude: 
21.3670
Longitude: 
38.0830
Location on map: 
Ocean: 
Region: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Maximum or Single Reported Depth (mbsl): 
2200
Minimum Depth (mbsl): 
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
14.1
Volcano Number (if applicable): 
Host Rock: 
E-MORB, evaporites, sediments
Deposit Type: 
PMS
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
intracontinental rift; although assumed active, listed as unconfirmed because not observed visually; Ishibashi and Urabe (1995): "Prior to 1970, the number of known seafloor hydrothermal mineral deposits was only one" [the Atlantis II Deep site described by Miller et al. (1966)]; largest known seafloor massive sulfide deposit; brine pool; Note: Koslow (2007) textbook says that the first evidence for seafloor hydrothermal activity was discovered at 2000-m depth in the Red Sea in the 1880's by the Russian R/V Vityaz
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
Discovery References (text): 
Miller et al. (1966) Hot brines and recent iron deposits in deeps of the Red Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30: 341-350
[Degans and Ross (eds.), 1969, Hot Brines and Recent Heavy Metal Deposits in the Red Sea. A Geochemical and Geophysical Account. Springer-Verlag, New York, xii + 600 pp.]
Other References (text): 
[Hendricks et al. (1969), B├Ącker & Richter (1973), Schoell & Hartmann (1973), Mustafa et al. (1984), Oudin (1987)]