Notes on Vent Field Description:
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1992 plume only; 1994 plume only
Discovery References (text):
(plume only) German et al, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 138, 93-104, 1996, Hydrothermal exploration near the Azores Triple Junction: tectonic control of venting at slow-spreading ridges?
(plume only) Chin et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 162, 1-13, 1998, Detection of hydrothermal plumes on the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge: results from optical measurements.